Events That Changed The World
- Hurricane Katrina
- Shooting at Kent State
- JFK’s Assassination
- Signing of the Emancipation Proclamation/Start of the Civil War
- Women’s Suffrage/ Ratification of the 19th Amendment
- Stock Market Crash of 1929
- Columbus landing in the new world
- Martin Luther’s Protest in 1517
- Nelson Mandela’s election in South Africa
- Battle of Little Big Horn or Wounded Knee
- Fall of Saigon
- Creation of the First National Parks
July 4, 1776
- 1789 the Constitution
- Landing on the Moon
- 1977 First Personal Computers from Apple
- Brown V. Board of Ed.
- Rosa Parks' refusal to get off the bus
- Nat Turner and the Slave Rebellion
- Battle of the Alamo
- Bay of Pigs/ Cuban Missile Crisis
- Tiananmen Square protests
- D-day (battle of Normandy)
- The Fall of the Berlin Wall (1989)
- Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
- The Great Chicago Fire
- Hindenburg Disaster
- First Flight at Kitty Hawk
- Sinking of the Titanic
- The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
- Publication of Rachel Carson”s Silent Spring
- Publication of Darwin’s “Origin of Species”
- Publication of the Gutenburg Bible
- Invention of the Light Bulb
- Discovery of Electricity
- Invention of the Telephone
- Landing at Plymouth Rock
- Louisiana Purchase
- Attack on Pearl Harbor
- Boston Tea Party
- Scopes Trial
- Polio Vaccine
- Identification of HIV/AIDS
- Complete Map of the Human Genome
- Birth of Dolly the Cloned Sheep
- Birth of the First Test-tube baby
- Beatles on Ed Sullivan
- First Music Video on MTV
- Legalization of Abortion (Roe V. Wade)
- First Birth Control Pills (Margaret Sanger)
- Creation of the Internet
80 Days That Changed the WorldA look at some of the most crucial events in the history of the world
Events that Changed Our World
A BBC Viewer's Poll
Last year, readers of the UK's Radio Times magazine were asked to vote for the single most significant world event since 1945 and the end of the Second World War.
10. The Iranian Revolution 16th Jan 1979 The Iranian revolution is credited by many historians as launching an era of Islamic radicalism, with subsequent Islamic movements such as Hezbollah and Al Qaeda seen as influenced by the notion of a "revolution" to bring about a pure Islamic state.
9. The Election of Margaret Thatcher 4th May 1979 Admired and revered, hated and despised in equal measure, Margaret Thatcher will, surely, never be forgotten. The first, and to date only, female British Prime Minister, she quickly gained the moniker The Iron Lady for good reason
8. The Cuban Missile Crisis 14th - 18th Oct 1962 Armageddon never came closer than one bright Saturday afternoon in October 1962. A stand-off between the USA and the Soviet Union over the locating of nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba left the future of the planet, quite literally on a knife-edge.
7. Establishment of the State of Israel 14th May 1948 Antagonism between cultures has caused many a conflict. But this particular conflict has divided the world for the past sixty years and shows no sign of ending. The partitioning of Palestine to create a new Zionist state would cause a series of clashes that persists now.
6. Martin Luther King's Speech 28th Aug 1963 He had a dream, that one day his children would live in a nation where they'd be judged, not by the colour of their skin, but by the content of their character. His speech, in front of a vast crowd in Washington, would lead, eventually, to the end of racial segregation in the USA.
5. Fall of the Berlin Wall 9th Nov 1989 The cold war was effectively ended in November of 1989 with the collapse of communism, symbolised by the fall of The Berlin Wall. This wall had, for 28 years, separated the Soviet Bloc from the west.
4. Invention of the WWW 6th Aug 1991 Invented by Tim Berners-Lee, the World Wide Web has transformed global communication and has entered every-day life in homes across the planet. Berners-Lee, an Oxford physics graduate made no money from his invention, he is now a campaigner for freedom of information.
3. The First Moon Landing 21st Jul 1969 At 13:32 GMT on July 16th 1969, Apollo 11 took off from Cape Kennedy in Florida carrying three American astronauts into the annals of history. They were about to take a small step for man, but a giant leap for mankind.
2. September 11 2001 On the day known, universally as 9/11 two American airliners were flown into the World Trade Center towers by Islamic Fundamentalist hijackers. Similar attacks would follow in Washington and Pennsylvania.
1. Discovery of the Structure of DNA 28th Feb 1953 Two British Scientists published an article in which they claim to have answered the question about how living creatures reproduce themselves. What they've actually done is to unravel the structure of DNA and with it, the secret of life.
- The event in itself fundamentally changed history.
- The aftermath of the event changed history.
- The event and its impact still resonate with us today
30 minutes / lecture
- Hammurabi Issues a Code of Law (1750 B.C.) (info)
- Moses and Monotheism (1220 B.C.) (info)
- The Enlightenment of the Buddha (526 B.C.) (info)
- Confucius Instructs a Nation (553–479 B.C.) (info)
- Solon—Democracy Begins (594 B.C.) (info)
- Marathon—Democracy Triumphant (490 B.C.) (info)
- Hippocrates Takes an Oath (430 B.C.) (info)
- Caesar Crosses the Rubicon (49 B.C.) (info)
- Jesus—The Trial of a Teacher (A.D. 36) (info)
- Constantine I Wins a Battle (A.D. 312) (info)
- Muhammad Moves to Medina—The Hegira (A.D. 622) (info)
- Bologna Gets a University (1088) (info)
- Dante Sees Beatrice (1283) (info)
- Black Death—Pandemics and History (1348) (info)
- Columbus Finds a New World (1492) (info)
- Michelangelo Accepts a Commission (1508) (info)
- Erasmus—A Book Sets Europe Ablaze (1516) (info)
- Luther’s New Course Changes History (1517) (info)
- The Defeat of the Spanish Armada (1588) (info)
- The Battle of Vienna (1683) (info)
- The Battle of Lexington (1775) (info)
- General Pickett Leads a Charge (1863) (info)
- Adam Smith (1776) versus Karl Marx (1867) (info)
- Charles Darwin Takes an Ocean Voyage (1831) (info)
- Louis Pasteur Cures a Child (1885) (info)
- Two Brothers Take a Flight (1903) (info)
- The Archduke Makes a State Visit (1914) (info)
- One Night in Petrograd (1917) (info)
- The Day the Stock Market Crashed (1929) (info)
- Hitler Becomes Chancellor of Germany (1933) (info)
- Franklin Roosevelt Becomes President (1933) (info)
- Mao Zedong Begins His Long March (1934) (info)
- The Atomic Bomb Is Dropped (1945) (info)
- John F. Kennedy Is Assassinated (1963) (info)
- Dr. King Leads a March (1963) (info)
- September 11, 2001 (info)
. The Berlin Olympics, 1936.
Adolf Hitler uses the Olympic Games to highlight the superiority of the Nazi regime, but his efforts are at least partly undermined when a black American, Jesse Owens, wins four gold medals.
2. La Guerra de futbol (aka “Soccer War”): El Salvador vs. Honduras, 1969.
Here’s a case where sports may have helped cause a war: a hard-fought match between El Salvador and Honduras in a preliminary round for the 1970 FIFA World Cup exacerbated the existing tensions between the two states and helped spark a brief four-day war in which over 1000 people died. The war ended inconclusively and El Salvador eventually won the actual match, but was ousted in a subsequent round and did not make the finals.
3. "Ping Pong Diplomacy:" U.S. Table Tennis Team Visits China, 1971.
During the world championships in Japan, the U.S. table tennis team received an unexpected invitation to visit China, and shortly thereafter became the first group of Americans to visit China since the communist takeover in 1949. The "ping heard 'round the world" was the first tangible sign of normalization between the United States and China (even though the Chinese teams reportedly had to throw a few matches to the Americans). The visit was obviously not the cause of the subsequent rapprochement, but it shows how sporting events can be an effective diplomatic tool.
4. U.S. Women Win Soccer World Cup, 1999.
I see this as significant for two main reasons. First, it underscores the growing importance and legitimacy of women’s sports, which has been an important element in modern feminism. Second, it shows the United States finally demonstrating real prowess in the world's most popular sport. Plus, the final game was against China, which makes it a nice harbinger of 21st century geopolitics.
5. Black September at the Munich Olympics, 1972:
Palestinian terrorists seized and eventually killed eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympic Games. The heinous act sets back Palestinian national aspirations and triggers a protracted Israeli reprisal campaign that assassinated a number of Palestinian leaders and at least one innocent victim.
6. South Africa Wins Rugby World Cup, 1995.
South African teams were barred from most international competitions during the apartheid era, a step that highlighted the regime’s pariah status and helped undermine popular support for the policy. The post-apartheid team’s victory in 1995 was a vivid symbol of South Africa’s new beginning, symbolized when President Nelson Mandela awarded the victor’s trophy to team captain Francois Pinear, a white Afrikaner.
7. Australia II Wins America’s Cup, 1983.
The Aussie victory broke what was probably the longest winning streak in the history of sports -- 132 years of dominance that began when the schooner America outpaced a British flotilla in a race around the Isle of Wight in 1851. (When she asked who had finished second, Queen Victoria was reportedly told "Your Majesty, there is no second.”). In retrospect, one could see the Australian victory as a symptom of globalization: cutting-edge yacht design wasn’t an American monopoly any longer. Since then, alas, the competition has been driven by another American export: gamesmanship and ceaseless litigation over the rules of the competition.
8. The "Miracle on Ice": the U.S. Olympic Ice Hockey Team Defeats the Soviet National Team, 1980.
Labeled the greatest sports moment of the 20th century by Sports Illustrated, the improbable defeat of a heavily-favored Soviet team by a group of U.S. college players arrived at a moment when many Americans mistakenly felt the Soviet Union was pulling ahead. In fact, the USSR was on its last legs, though its hockey establishment remained a powerhouse and eventually sent a lot of players to the NHL.
9. “Das Wunder von Berne:” Germany Wins World Cup, 1954.
An underdog German team defeated Hungary in the final in Berne, a win that set off a wave of euphoria in Germany and is seen by some historians as a key event that restored a sense of national pride after the shame of the Nazi era and helped signal Germany’s re-integration in the world community.
10. Pentathlete Boris Onischenko Disqualified at Montreal Olympics, 1976.
I was on the fencing team in college, so I can’t resist adding this to my list. Onischenko was a member of the Soviet modern pentathlon team who was disqualified after referees discovered that his sword had been modified to enable him to register “hits” on the electronic scoring machine by pressing a switch concealed in his grip. Together with the East German steroid scandal, such episodes helped undermine the image of the Soviet empire. Plenty of other athletes have cheated, of course -- think of sprinters Ben Johnson and Marion Jones, bicyclist Floyd Landis, and subway-riding “marathoner” Rosie Ruiz -- but their transgressions had less impact absent the Cold War atmosphere.
There are other examples one might add: Budge versus von Cramm at Wimbledon, the controversial Soviet "defeat" of the U.S. men's basketball team at Munich, or the notorious Soviet-Hungary water polo match at the 1956 Olympics (played in the shadow of the Hungarian Revolution, the game was so violent the water reportedly turned pink). So please feel free to contribute your own suggestions.
Greatest Discoveries and Inventions Which Changed Mankind
Throughout the history of mankind people take center stage, of course, because we are the ones who can change, analyze and will make our world a better place to live. We are also the ones who can destroy it. I have listed some of the discoveries, inventions, philosophies, philosophers, events which change the humankind. They are not necessarily in historical orders and importance: The birth of philosophical thinkers like Aristotle and Plato and their thoughts rule the old world.
The rise of Protestantism as a religion
Philosophers and different philosophies, religion emerges like Buddhism, Hinduism, Shintoism, and Islam.
The discovery of Galileo,Galilei : The telescope (this is very important because they discover the milky way and proved that the earth is not the center of the Universe). Nobody knows who really invented the telescope but Galileo Galilei made great improvements in the technology. His first construction was a three power instrument, which he quickly improved to eight, twenty and then thirty power. Galileo disproved that the earth is the center of the Universe and it made him a heretic.
The invention of electricity
The invention of wheel
The invention of airplane etc.
Food fermentation and refrigerator
The birth of capitalism and socialism, currency, trade etc.
THE AGE OF REASON: It was during these era (15th to 19th century), that knowledge flourish because of different philosophical thinkers. Music and arts abound during these times. Even the greatest poets, artists and painters were born during the Renaissance period like Shakespeare, Michelangelo, Beethoven etc.
Evolution theory: That we came from monkeys, and we are continuously evolving, perfecting ourselves.
Philosophers and statesmen were born like Gandhi, Dalai Lama, Martin Luther King, Churchill, Hitler, Lincoln, Washington, Mandela, Mao Zedong which change the world view and the world.
Birth of medicine: antibiotic and penicillin, vaccines for tetanus, polio, diphtheria, pertussis etc. It clearly extend the life expectancy of people.
The invention of steam engine
World War I and II
The First step in the moon
IN 1945, the United Nation was first came in to being to facilitate cooperation among nations after the two world wars. The objective is for equality and achieving world peace.
The modern world discoveries: satellite, telephone (cell phone), television which makes life easier. (This is due in part to the discovery of the fiber optic technology and satellites).
Internet technology: I separated these from the above discoveries (modern discoveries). Internet technology clearly make life became easier, we can explore the world while seating, communicate where ever we are, pay bills online too. It also affects our social life in the greatest way.
There are future challenges in the area of medicines, vaccines and cure for HIV/AIDS, cancer and the swine flu. We hope we can still live by then when the discovery happens.
Tsunami - Japan – Gulf Oil Spill
Cloning of Dolly the Sheep
Discovery of Structure DNA
Atomic Bomb - Oak Ridge TN
Discovery of Penicillin
Mars Rover Expeditions
Banning of Pesticides D.D. T.
Three Mile Island
Origin of Species – Charles Darwin
Scopes “Monkey” Trials – Dalton , TN
The Big Bang – astronomy
Invention of the Microscope